“Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.” (John 5:38)
“I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am [ego eimi] he, ye shall die in your sins.” (John 8:24)
“For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him.” (2 Cor. 11:4)
More specifically, is Jesus Christ the GOD of the Bible?
When you come across any person who is involved with a Christian cult or false religion, they all seem to have one thing in common: they may believe in Jesus but deny He is God Almighty. Even those who “accept” the deity of Jesus, they do not accept His unique deity, maintaining that Jesus Christ is one of many gods, or that the true nature of Jesus Christ is divine in the sense that everyone’s nature is divine.
A lot of the world believes in a Jesus but it is not the Jesus revealed in the Bible. The Jehovah’s Witnesses claim Jesus Christ is the Archangel Michael. The Mormons believe Jesus Christ is the spirit brother of Lucifer. Muslims believe Jesus Christ is not the only begotten Son of God. Many Black Hebrew Israelite camps deny Jesus Christ is God. Even though the aforementioned cults will claim to believe in the Bible they somehow miss that the Bible asserts Jesus is God.
Of course, satan’s kingdom outright denies the deity of Jesus. The demonic spirits communicated through channeling state:
The spirits teach that Jesus is an evolved spirit or a man just like us. Jesus was the person who highly emulated the “Christ spirit,” which is said to be part of us all. The spirits say that Jesus died and evolved to a higher state of existence. One spirit confesses that Jesus was only a representative of the impersonal divine force living in all men (the Christ spirit), and that Christians who believe in the biblical Jesus “worship a dead Christ.” But the Bible teaches that Christians worship a living Christ, that Jesus is the Christ, and that He is fully man and fully God in one Person. He is the unique Son of God (Luke 2:11; John 1:1; Rom. 1:4; Phil. 2:1-9; Titus 2:13).
One example, in particular, is the medium Kahlil Gibran’s In Jesus, the Son of Man. In it reads, the apostle ‘John’ reveals that Jesus was merely a man The ‘Christ’ is the God part of Jesus and also of all people. Thus, ‘many times the Christ has come into the world and he has walked many lands’ (p. 42). ‘Jotham’ of Nazareth states of Jesus, ‘He was not a God, he was a man like unto ourselves…’ (p. 109). Barca, a merchant of Tyre, comments, ‘I believe that neither the Romans nor the Jews understood Jesus of Nazareth, nor did his disciples who now preach his name’ (p. 112). ‘The Galileans would make a god of him and that is a mistake’ (p. 113).
Satan knows if a person believes in a false Jesus they will be lost. The Bible warns about the preaching of a false Jesus:
“For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him.” – 2 Corinthians 11:4
The following are multitudes of scriptures proving Jesus Christ is really GOD – He is the uncreated Creator of all. He is Yahweh in the flesh. I made the following to witness to Jehovah’s Witnesses, but it can be useful to witness to others in cults or false religions or any other person who denies the deity of Jesus and the Trinity but believes in the scriptures.
Most, if not all, the scriptures posted use the King James Bible.
Titles, appellations, privileges, prerogatives, attributes, qualities, prophecies, etc. of or about Yahweh are directly applied to Jesus by New Testament writers proving His deity.
Who is your salvation?
“The Lord [Yahweh] is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father’s God, and I will exalt him.” (Exodus 15:2)
“14 The Lord [Yahweh] is my strength and song, and is become my salvation…21 I will praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation.“ (Psalm 118:14, 21)
“10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.“ (Hebrews 2:10)
“9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;“ (Hebrews 5:9)
“10 And cried with a loud voice, saying, ‘Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb.‘” (Revelation 7:10)
“Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name [Jesus] under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.” (Acts 4:12)
God will give every one according to their works. Jesus said He will give every one according to their works
“11 God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongeth unto God.12 Also unto thee, O Lord [Yahweh], belongeth mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work.“ (Psalm 62:11-12)
“10 I the Lord [Yahweh] search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.“ (Jeremiah 17:10)
“10 Behold, the Lord [Yahweh] God will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.” (Isaiah 40:10-11)
“27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.“ (Matthew 16:27)
“12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be...20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.” (Revelation 22:12, 20)
God said He is the first and the last and there is no god beside Him. Yet, Jesus calls Himself the first and the last
“4 Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I the Lord [Yahweh], the first, and with the last; I am he.“ (Isaiah 41:4)
“6 Thus saith the Lord [Yahweh] the King of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord [Yahweh] of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God… Fear ye not, neither be afraid; have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.“ (Isaiah 44:6;8)
“Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel, whom I called! I am he; I am the first, and I am the last. Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.” (Isaiah 48:12)
“17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, ‘Fear not; I am the first and the last:18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.’” (Revelation 1:17-18)
“12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.” (Revelation 22:12-13)
“8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.” (Revelation 1:8) [Note: in the Greek it reads the “Lord God” https://biblehub.com/interlinear/revelation/1-8.htm]
John referenced Jesus as the one saw by Isaiah in Isaiah Ch. 6. The one Isaiah saw was Yahweh.
“37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?39 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.” (John 12:37-41)
“In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple.2 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. 3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.4 And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.5 Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord [Yahweh] of hosts.6 Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar:7 And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged.8 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me.9 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.” (Isaiah 6:1-10)
“1And it came to pass in the year in which king Ozias died, that I saw the Lord sitting on a high and exalted throne, and the house was full of his glory. 2And seraphs stood round about him: each one had six wings: and with two they covered their face, and with two they covered their feet, and with two they flew.3And one cried to the other, and they said, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.4And the lintel shook at the voice they uttered, and the house was filled with smoke.5And I said, Woe is me, for I am pricked to the heart; for being a man, and having unclean lips, I dwell in the midst of a people having unclean lips; and I have seen with mine eyes the King, the Lord of hosts.6And there was sent to me one of the seraphs, and he had in his hand a coal, which he had taken off the altar with the tongs: 7and he touched my mouth, and said, Behold, this has touched thy lips, and will take away thine iniquities, and will purge off thy sins.8And I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go to this people? And I said, behold, I am here, send me. And he said, Go, and say to this people,9Ye shall hear indeed, but ye shall not understand; and ye shall see indeed, but ye shall not perceive.10For the heart of this people has become gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.11And I said, How long, O Lord? And he said, Until cities be deserted by reason of their not being inhabited, and the houses by reason of there being no men, and the land shall be left desolate.12And after this God shall remove the men far off, and they that are left upon the land shall be multiplied.13And yet there shall be a tenth upon it, and again it shall be for a spoil, as a turpentine tree, and as an acorn when it falls out of its husk.” (LXX)
Out of the mouth of babes praise goes to God. Jesus applies the Psalm scripture to Himself.
“O Lord [Yahweh], our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger.” (Psalm 8:1-2)
“15 And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the son of David; they were sore displeased,16 And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise?” (Matthew 21:15-16)
Yahweh is a stone and stumbling rock. Jesus is a stone and a stumbling block.
“13 Sanctify the Lord [Yahweh] of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.” (Isaiah 8:13-14)
“3 If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious.4 To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.7 Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner,8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.” (1 Peter 2:3-8)
“33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.” (Romans 9:33)
Prepare the way for God (or Yahweh) reads the scriptures. Then Jesus comes along. Matthew and Luke applies the Isaiah scripture to Jesus.
“The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord [Yahweh], make straight in the desert a highway for our God.” (Isaiah 40:3-5)
“3 For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.” (Matthew 3:3)
“2 As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.” (Mark 1:2-3)
“4 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.” (Luke 3:4)
The Lord, called Ha Adon who Yahweh is exclusively called (cf. Exodus 23:17; 34:23; Isaiah 1:24; 3:1; 10:16, 33; 19:4; Micah 4:13), enters His temple.
“Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord (Ha Adon), whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord [Yahweh] of hosts.” (Malachi 3:1)
“For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.” (Matt. 11:10)
“As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.” (Mark 1:2)
Who is your Redeemer?
“7 none of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him:8 (for the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever:)9 that he should still live for ever, and not see corruption…..15 But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.” (Psalms 49:7-9,15)
“7 Let Israel hope in the Lord [Yahweh]: for with the Lord [Yahweh] there is mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption.8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.“ (Psalms 130:7-8)
“4 As for our redeemer, the Lord [Yahweh] of hosts is his name, the Holy One of Israel.” (Isaiah 47:4)
“Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD [Yahweh], and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.” (Isaiah 41:14)
“34 Their Redeemer is strong; the Lord [Yahweh] of hosts is his name: he shall throughly plead their cause, that he may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.” (Jeremiah 50:34)
“Israel, put your hope in the LORD [Yahweh]. For there is faithful love with the LORD [Yahweh], and with Him is redemption in abundance. And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.“ (Psalms 130:7)
“The LORD [Yahweh] redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate.” (Psalms 34:22)
“14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.” (Titus 2:14)
“68 Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people,” (Luke 1:68)
“Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:” (Romans 3:24)
God’s feet will stand on Mount Olives. It will be fulfilled when Jesus returns with His holy ones.
“Behold, the day of the Lord [Yahweh] cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee.2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.3 Then shall the Lord [Yahweh] go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.5 And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord [Yahweh] my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” (Zechariah 14:1-5)
“9 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.12 Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath day’s journey.“ (Acts 1:9-12)
“13 To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.” (1 Thessalonians 3:13 )
“7 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;10 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.” (2 Thessalonians 1:7-10)
Who receives your spirit when you die?
“5 Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O Lord [Yahweh] God of truth.” (Psalm 31:5)
“Let the LORD [Yahweh], the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,” – (Numbers 27:16)
“Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.” – (Ezekiel 18:4)
“Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” – (Ecclesiastes 12:7)
“59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.” (Acts 7:59-60)
Whose name do you call on for salvation?
“32 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord [Yahweh] shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the Lord [Yahweh] hath said, and in the remnant whom the Lord [Yahweh] shall call.” (Joel 2:32)
24 And call ye on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the Lord [Yahweh]: and the God that answereth by fire, let him be God. And all the people answered and said, It is well spoken.” (1 Kings 18:24)
“Save me, O God, by thy name, and judge me by thy strength.” (Psalms 54:1)
“9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord [Jesus] shall be saved.” (Romans 10:9-13)
“2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both their’s and our’s:” (1 Corinthians 1:2)
“21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord [Jesus] shall be saved.” (Acts 2:21)
Every knee bow and tongue shall confess to whom? Paul applies the Isaiah scripture to Jesus. The Isaiah scripture is about Yahweh.
“23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.24 Surely, shall one say, in the Lord [Yahweh] have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.” (Isaiah 45:23-24)
“That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” (Philippians 2:10-11)
Isn’t God the one and only Judge of the world?
“22 For the Lord [Yahweh] is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; he will save us.” (Isaiah 33:22)
“17 I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.“ (Ecclesiastes 3:17)
“7 But the Lord [Yahweh] shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment.8 And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.” (Psalms 9:7-8)
“8 Let the floods clap their hands: let the hills be joyful together9 Before the Lord [Yahweh]; for he cometh to judge the earth: with righteousness shall he judge the world, and the people with equity.” (Psalms 98:8-9)
“13 Before the Lord [Yahweh]: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.” (Psalms 96:13)
“22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:23 That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.” (John 5:22-23)
“10 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.” (Romans 14:10)
“I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;“ (2 Timothy 4:1)
When was Yahweh ever pierced?
“The burden of the word of the Lord for Israel, saith the Lord [Yahweh], which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him…10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.” (Zech. 12:1,10)
“7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.” (Rev. 1:7)
“34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.” (John 19.34-37)
To whom does everything belong?
“Yours, O LORD, are the greatness, the power, the glory, the victory, and the majesty; for all that is in the heavens and on the earth is yours; yours is the kingdom, O LORD [Yahweh], and you are exalted as head above all. Riches and honor come from you, and you rule over all. In your hand are power and might; and it is in your hand to make great and to give strength to all.” (1 Chronicles 29:11-12)
“For every wild animal of the forest is mine, the cattle on a thousand hills. I know all the birds of the air, and all that moves in the field is mine. If I were hungry, I would not tell you, for the world and all that is in it is mine.” (Psalm 50:10-12)
“And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them.” (John 17:10).
“All that the Father has is mine. For this reason I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you.” (John 16:15)
God corrects His children.
“For whom the LORD [Yahweh] loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son in whom he delighteth.” (Proverbs 3:13)
“As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.” (Revelation 3:19)
How many Lord of Lords are there?
“O give thanks to the Lord of lords: for his mercy endureth for ever.” (Psalms 136:3)
“For the LORD [Yahweh] your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:” (Deuteronomy 10:17)
“These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.” (Revelation 10:17)
How many Mighty Gods are there? Isaiah 43:10 reads …”that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me”
“The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God.” (Isaiah 10:21)
“Thou shewest lovingkindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great, the Mighty God, the LORD [Yahweh] of hosts, is his name,” (Jeremiah 32:18)
“For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)
Who is like Yahweh?
“Among the gods there is none like unto thee, O Lord; neither are there any works like unto thy works. All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord; and shall glorify thy name. For thou art great, and doest wondrous things: thou art God alone.” (Psalm 86:8-10)
“For who in the heaven can be compared unto the Lord? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the Lord? God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.” (Psalm 89:6-7)
“To whom then will ye liken me, or shall I be equal? saith the Holy One.” (Isaiah 40:25)
“Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me,” (Isaiah 46:9)
“Wherefore thou art great, O LORD [Yahweh] God; for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.” (2 Samuel 7:22)
“O LORD [Yahweh], there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.” (1 Chronicles 17:20)
“Then they asked him, “Where is your father?” “You do not know me or my Father,” Jesus replied. “If you knew me, you would know my Father also.”” (John 8:19)
“Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?” (John 14:9)
“Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;” (Hebrews 1:3)
All the angels are commanded to worship Yahweh. All the angels commanded to worship Jesus.
“Rejoice, ye heavens, with him, and let all the angels of God worship him; rejoice ye Gentiles, with his people, and let all the sons of God strengthen themselves in him; for he will avenge the blood of his sons, and he will render vengeance, and recompense justice to his enemies, and will reward them that hate him; and the Lord shall purge the land of his people.” (Deuteronomy 32:43 LXX)
“The mountains melted like wax at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth. The heavens have declared his righteousness, and all the people have seen his glory. Let all that worship graven images be ashamed, who boast of their idols; worship him, all ye his angels.” (Psalms 97:5-7 LXX)
“And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.” (Hebrews 1:6)
Who is the giver of life and can anyone pluck someone out of His hand?
“See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand.” (Deuteronomy 32:39)
“The LORD [Yahweh] killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.” (1 Samuel 2:6)
“For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.” (Psalms 36:9)
“And the LORD [Yahweh] God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” (Genesis 2:7)
“For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth (or gives life) them; even so the Son quickeneth (or gives life) whom he will.” (John 5:21)
“And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.” (John 10:28)
Who is your only Savior?
“I, even I, am the LORD [Yahweh]; and beside me there is no saviour.” (Isaiah 43:11)
“Yet I am the LORD [Yahweh] thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no saviour beside me”. (Hosea 13:4)
“Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;” (Titus 2:13)
“Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:” (2 Peter 1:1)
“Whom he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior;” (Titus 3:6)
“For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.” (1 Timothy 4:10)
Who ascended on high and led captivity captive?
“18 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord [Yahweh] God might dwell among them.” (Psalms 68:18)
“7 But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.9 (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?10 He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)” (Ephesians 4:7:10)
Yahweh alone created all things.
“These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord [Yahweh] God made the earth and the heavens,” (Genesis 2:4)
“6 Thou, even thou, art Lord [Yahweh] alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.” (Nehemiah 9:6)
“6 By the word of the Lord [Yahweh] were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.” (Psalms 33:6)
“24 Thus saith the Lord [Yawheh], thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord [Yahweh] that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;” (Isaiah 44:24)
“12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.” (Isaiah 45:12)
“16 O Lord [Yahweh] of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth.” (Isaiah 37:16)
“16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:” 17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” (Colossians 1:16-17)
“2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:” (Hebrews 1:2-3)
“8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. 9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. 10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: 11 they shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; 12 and as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.” (Hebrews 1:8-12)
“1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. 4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.” (John 1:1-4)
Yahweh said He laid the foundations of the earth. The Father said the Son laid the foundation of the earth and calls the Son God. The Psalms passage is about God but applied to Jesus in the NT. Moreover, in Hebrews 1:10, the Father called Jesus “Lord”, which is many times equivalent to the divine name “Yahweh”
“24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations.25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands.26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.” (Psalm 102:24-27)
“12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last. 13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together. (Isaiah 48:12-13)
“Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth?declare, if thou hast understanding. Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;” (Job 38:4-6)
“And forgettest the LORD [Yahweh] thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where is the fury of the oppressor?” (Isaiah 51:13)
“The burden of the word of the Lord for Israel, saith the Lord [Yahweh], which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him…” (Zechariah 12:1)
“The LORD [Yahweh] by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens.” (Proverbs 3:19)
“8 But unto the Son he saith, ‘Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.…10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:11 They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.’” Hebrews 1:8a, 10-12
Who is your Shepherd?
“80 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth.” (Psalm 80:1)
“11 For thus saith the Lord God [Yahweh]; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out.12 As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day.13 And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country.14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel.15 I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord God.16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.” (Ezekiel 34:11-16)
“10 Behold, the Lord God will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.” (Isaiah 40:10-11)
“The Lord [Yahweh] is my shepherd; I shall not want.2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.” (Psalms 23:1-3)
“6 O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the Lord [Yahweh] our maker.7 For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice,” (Psalms 95:6-7)
“3 Know ye that the Lord he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.” (Psalms 100:3)
“And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.” (John 10:16)
“26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.” (John 10:26-28)
“25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.” (1Peter 2:25)
“4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.” (1 Peter 5:4)
“11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.12 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.13 The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.15 As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.” (John 10:11-15)
“20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,” (Hebrews 13:20)
Who is omnipresent but Yahweh alone and who fills all things?
“7 Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence?8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there.” (Psalm 139:7-8)
“23 Am I a God at hand, saith the Lord, and not a God afar off? 24 Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord.” (Jeremiah 23:23-24)
“20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.” (Matthew 18:20)
“23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we [both the Father and the Son] will come unto him, and make our abode with him.” (John 14:23)
“20 At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.” (John 14:20)
“27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:” (Colossians 1:27)
“19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.” (Matthew 28:19-20)
“He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)” (Ephesians 4:10)
“11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.” (Colossians 3:11)
Who is the Almighty?
“And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord [Yahweh] appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.” (Genesis 17:1)
“8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.” (Revelation 1:8)
Yahweh is your Husband. Jesus is your Husband
“Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD [Yahweh]:” (Jeremiah 31:32)
“For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.” (2 Corinthians 11:2)
Who is from everlasting or from the beginning?
“Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.” (Psalms 90:2)
“The Lord [Yahweh] reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the Lord [Yahweh] is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved.2 Thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting.” (Psalms 93:1-2)
“Art thou not from everlasting, O LORD [Yahweh] my God, mine Holy One? we shall not die. O LORD, thou hast ordained them for judgment; and, O mighty God, thou hast established them for correction.” (Habakkuk 1:12)
“Art not thou from the beginning, O Lord God, my Holy One? and surely we shall not die. O Lord, thou hast established it for judgment, and he has formed me to chasten with his correction. (LXX)
““2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.” (Micah 5:2)
“And thou, Bethleem, house of Ephratha, art few in number to be reckoned among the thousands of Juda; yet out of thee shall one come forth to me, to be a ruler of Israel; and his goings forth were from the beginning, even from eternity.” (LXX)
Yahweh endures forever and His throne. Jesus endures forever and His throne
“Thou, O LORD [Yahweh], remainest for ever; thy throne from generation to generation.” (Lamentations 5:19)
“Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.” (Psalms 45:6)
“They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:” (Psalms 102:26)
“But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.” (Hebrews 1:8)
“They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;” (Hebrews 1:11)
Yahweh is the Rock. Jesus is the Rock!
“For who is God save the LORD [Yahweh]? or who is a rock save our God?” (Psalms 18:31)
“6 He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defence; I shall not be moved.” (Psalms 62:6)
“46 The Lord [Yahweh] lives! Blessed be my Rock! Let the God of my salvation be exalted.” (Psalm 18:46)
“The LORD [Yahweh] is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.” (Psalms 18:22)
“He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.” (Deut. 32:4)
“4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.” 1 Corinthians 10:4
The Hebrews tempted Yahweh. The NT writers said it was Jesus who was tempted.
“And the LORD [Yahweh] sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.” (Numbers 21:6)
“9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.” (1 Corinthians 10:9)
Who is your Hope?
“13 O Lord [Yahweh], the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the Lord, the fountain of living waters.” (Jeremiah 17:13)
“Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;” (1 Timothy 1:1)
Who will reveal the secret things?
“For God will bring every work into judgment, including every secret thing,whether good or evil.” (Ecclesiastes 12:14).
“For I know of nothing against myself, yet I am not justified by this; but He who judges me is the Lord. Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness and reveal the counsels of the hearts. Then each one’s praise will come from God.” (1 Corinthians 4:4-5).
Who walks on water and makes the waves still?
“He alone spreads out the heavens, and treads on the waves of the sea. . .” (Job 9:8).
“He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are still.” (Psalm 107:29).
“Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went to them, walking on the sea.” (Matthew 14:25).
“Then He arose and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, ‘Peace, be still!’ And the wind ceased and there was a great calm.” (Mark 4:39).
Who is your righteousness?
“In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD [Yahewh] OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.” (Jeremiah 23:6)
“But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:” (1 Corinthians 1:30)
Who speaks with Divine authority?
“Thus saith the Lord [Yahweh]….,” (used in many passages).
“Truly, I say to you…” (used dozens of times; for examples Matt. 25:4 and John 14:12)
Yahweh is the Holy One. Jesus is the Holy One
“I am the Lord [Yahweh], your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King.” (Isaiah 43:15)
“14 But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you;” (Acts 3:14)
Yahweh said to be His witness. Jesus said to be His witness
“10 Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord[Yahweh], and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.” (Isaiah 43:10)
“8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.“ (Acts 1:8)
Yahweh is your light. Jesus said He is the Light!
“29 For thou art my lamp, O Lord [Yahweh]: and the Lord [Yahweh] will lighten my darkness.“ (2 Samuel 22:29)
“The Lord [Yahweh] is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the Lord is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?” (Psalm 27:1)
“9 For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.“ (Psalm 36:9)
“19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the Lord [Yahweh] shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory.20 Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the Lord [Yahweh] shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.” (Isaiah 60:19-20)
“4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men…9 That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.” (John 1:4, 9)
“12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.” (John 8:12)
“4 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.“ (John 9:4-5)
“46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.” (John 12:46)
“22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.24 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.” (Revelation 21:22-24)
Who knows the hearts and minds of everyone?
“9 And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Lord [Yahweh] searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.” (1 Chronicles 28:9)
“39 then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men😉“ (1 Kings 8:39)
“18 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass;19 I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first…23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.” (Revelation 2:18-19, 23)
“46 Then there arose a reasoning among them, which of them should be greatest. 47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a child, and set him by him, 48 and said unto them, Whosoever shall receive this child in my name receiveth me: and whosoever shall receive me receiveth him that sent me: for he that is least among you all, the same shall be great.” (Luke 9:46-48)
“16 And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven. 17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house falleth.” (Luke 11:16-17)
“23 Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did. 24 But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all men, 25 and needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.” (John 2:23-25)
“17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.” (John 21:17)
“21 Wherefore of these men which have companied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us,… 24 And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,” (Acts 1:21;24)
Who will give you rest?
14 And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest. 15 And he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence. (Exodus 33:14-15)
“56 Blessed be the Lord [Yahweh], that hath given rest unto his people Israel, according to all that he promised: there hath not failed one word of all his good promise, which he promised by the hand of Moses his servant.” (1 Kings 8:56)
“I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down [give them rest], saith the Lord [Yahweh] GOD.” (Ezekiel 34:15)
“28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. 30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.“ (Matthew 11:28-29)
Who is the Lord of the Sabbath?
“3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the Lord [Yahweh] in all your dwellings.” (Leviticus 23:3)
“But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD [Yahweh] thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy” (Exodus 20:10)
“8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.” (Matthew 12:80)
Yahweh sanctifies you. Jesus sanctifies you
“13 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the Lord [Yahweh] that doth sanctify you.” (Exodus 31:13)
“27 My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 28 And the heathen shall know that I the Lord [Yahweh] do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.” (Ezekiel 37:27-28)
“18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.” (Acts 26:18)
“30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:” (1 Corinthians 1:30)
“11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.” (1 Corinthians 6:11)
“11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,” (Hebrews 2:11)
Who is the King or Lord of Glory?
“7 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.8 Who is this King of glory? The Lord [Yahweh] strong and mighty, the Lord [Yahweh] mighty in battle.9 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.10 Who is this King of glory? The Lord [Yahweh] of hosts, he is the King of glory. Selah.” (Psalm 24:7-10)
“8 which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.” (1 Corinthians 2:8)
“My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons.” (James 2:8)
Yahweh’s word will never pass away. Jesus’ word will never pass away
“For ever, O Lord [Yahweh], thy word is settled in heaven.” (Psalm 119:89)
“8 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.” (Isaiah 40:8)
“31 Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away.” (Mark 13:31; cf. Matthew 24:35)
Yahweh is your life. Jesus is your life.
“That thou mayest love the LORD [Yahweh] thy God, and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.” (Deuteronomy 30:20)
“Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:” (John 11:25)
“6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.” (John 14:6)
“3 For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. 4 When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.” (Colossians 3:3-4)
“11 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. 12 He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.” (1 John 5:11-12)
Yahweh is the source of living waters. Jesus is the source of living waters.
“O Lord [Yahweh], the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the Lord [Yahweh], the fountain of living waters.” (Jeremiah 17:13)
“He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.” (John 7:38)
Yahweh shares His glory with no one. The Father and Son share the same glory
“8 I am the Lord [Yahweh]: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.” (Isaiah 42:8)
“For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another.” (Isaiah 48:11)
“5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. 24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.” (John 17:5, 24)
Yahweh is the Truth and is True. Jesus is the Truth and is True
“6 And the Lord [Yahweh] passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord [Yahweh], The Lord [Yahweh] God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,” (Exodus 34:16)
“He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.” (Deuteronomy 32:4)
“5 Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O Lord [Yahweh] God of truth.” (Psalms 31:5)
“that he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.” (Isaiah 65:16)
“But the Lord [Yahaweh] is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.” (Jeremiah 10:10)
“And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth” (John 1:14)
“6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.” (John 14:6)
“If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus:” (Ephesians 4:21)
“And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.” (Revelation 19:11)
“7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; 8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.” (Revelation 3:7-8)
“ And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?” (Revelation 6:10)
Yahweh is the Healer. Jesus is the Healer.
“Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases;” (Psalms 103:3)
“And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD [Yahweh] that healeth thee.” (Exodus 15:26)
“6 Then Peter said, Silver and gold have I none; but such as I have give I thee: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth rise up and walk.” (Acts 3:6)
“17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;18 They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.” (Mark 16:17-18)
“And Peter said unto him, AEneas, Jesus Christ maketh thee whole: arise, and make thy bed. And he arose immediately.” (Acts 9:34)
Angels belong to Yahweh. Angels belong to Jesus
“Bless the LORD [Yahweh], ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word.” (Psalms 103:20)
“Because thou hast made the LORD [Yahweh], which is my refuge, even the most High, thy habitation; There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.” (Psalms 91:9-11)
“Praise ye the LORD [Yahweh]. Praise ye the LORD [Yahweh] from the heavens: praise him in the heights. Praise ye him, all his angels: praise ye him, all his hosts.” (Psalms 148:2)
“The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;” (Matthew 13:41)
“And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.” (Matthew 24:30-31)
“ I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.” (Revelation 22:16)
Yahweh gives peace. Jesus gives peace
“The LORD [Yahweh] will give strength unto his people; the LORD [Yahweh] will bless his people with peace.” (Psalms 29:11)
“I will hear what God the Lord [Yahweh] will speak: for he will speak peace unto his people, and to his saints: but let them not turn again to folly.” (Psalms 85:8)
“The Lord [Yahweh] lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.” (Numbers 6:26)
“Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD [Yahweh], and called it Jehovahshalom [Yahweh is Peace]: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.” (Judges 6:24)
“Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.” (John 14:27)
“These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.” (John 16:33)
“Now the Lord of peace himself give you peace always by all means. The Lord be with you all.” (2 Thessalonians 3:16)
“For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)
Yahweh doesn’t change. Jesus doesn’t change
“24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations. 25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: 27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.” (Psalms 102:24-27)
“For I am the LORD [Yahweh], I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.” (Malachi 3:6)
“And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.” (Hebrews 1:12)
“Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.” (Hebrews 13:8)
Prophets spoke by the Spirit of Yahweh. Prophets spoke by the Spirit of Christ
“The Spirit of the Lord spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.” (2 Samuel 23:2)
“ Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst…. Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands.” (Nehemiah 9:20,30)
“10 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: 11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. 12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.” (1 Peter 1:10-12)
Yahweh sent the prophets. Jesus sent the prophets.
“And the Lord [Yahweh] hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.” (Jeremiah 25:4)
“Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city:” (Matthew 23:34)
Yahweh delivered the Israelites out of Egypt. Jesus Delivered the Israelites out of Egypt
“Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD [Yahweh], and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:” (Exodus 6:6)
“I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.” (Jude 1:5)
Who can forgive sins but Yahweh alone? Jesus forgives sins
“18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the Lord [Yahweh]: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.” (Isaiah 1:18)
“22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for I have redeemed thee.” (Isaiah 44:22)
“25 I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.” (Isaiah 43:25)
“18 Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy.19 He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.” (Micah 7:18-19)
“18 Look upon mine affliction and my pain; and forgive all my sins.” (Psalms 25:18)
“5 I acknowledge my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the Lord [Yahweh]; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah.” (Psalms 32:5)
“Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy name’s sake.” (Psalms 79:9)
“2 Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of thy people, thou hast covered all their sin. Selah.” (Psalms 85:2)
“3 If thou, Lord [Yahweh], shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? 4 But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.” (Psalms 130:3-4)
“34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord [Yahweh]: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord [Yahweh]: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.” (Jeremiah 31:34)
“3 It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.” (Jeremiah 36:3)
“9 To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;” (Daniel 9:9)
“22 Repent therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray God, if perhaps the thought of thine heart may be forgiven thee.” (Acts 8:22)
“5 When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.6 But there was certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts,7 Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only?8 And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?9 Whether is it easier to say to the sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk?10 But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,)11 I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house.12 And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.” (Mark 2:5-12)
“47 Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little.48 And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.49 And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also?50 And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.” (Luke 7:47-50)
“29 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. 32 And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him.” (Acts 5:29-32)
“38 Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:” (Acts 13:38)
“15 And I said, Who art thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest.16 But rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness both of these things which thou hast seen, and of those things in the which I will appear unto thee; 17 Delivering thee from the people, and from the Gentiles, unto whom now I send thee,18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.” (Acts 26:15)
“11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.” (1 Corinthians 6:11)
No one can snatch anyone from Yahweh’s Hand. No one can snatch anyone from Jesus’ hand.
“See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand.” (Deuteronomy 32:39)
“Yea, before the day was I am he; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let it?” (Isaiah 43:13)
“28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. 29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand. 30 I and my Father are one.” (John 10:28-30)
Who Will Reign From Jerusalem? It is Jesus but is referred to as Yahweh.
“And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth. And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited. Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the Lord [Yahweh] of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.” (Isaiah 24:21-23)
“And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD [Yahweh] of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.” (Zechariah 14:17)
“5 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord [Yahweh], that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, The Lord [Yahweh] our righteousness.” (Jeremiah 23:5-6)
“8 And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be. 9 And the Lord [Yahweh] shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Lord [Yahweh], and his name one.” (Zechariah 14:8-9)
“Great is the Lord [Yahweh], and greatly to be praised in the city of our God, in the mountain of his holiness. Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King.” (Psalms 48:1-2)
“30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus.32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.” (Luke 1:30-33)
Who is the Great King over all the earth?
“For the LORD [Yahweh] most high is terrible; he is a great King over all the earth.“ (Psalms 47:2)
“For God is the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding. God reigneth over the heathen: God sitteth upon the throne of his holiness.” (Psalms 47:8)
“The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the Lord [Yahweh] that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the Lord [Yahweh]: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.28 For the kingdom is the Lord’s [Yahweh’s]: and he is the governor among the nations.“ (Psalms 22:26-28)
“But cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a great King, saith the LORD [Yahweh] of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen.” (Malachi 1:14)
“Forasmuch as there is none like unto thee, O LORD [Yahweh]; thou art great, and thy name is great in might. Who would not fear thee, O King of nations? for to thee doth it appertain: forasmuch as among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms, there is none like unto thee.” (Jeremiah 10:6-7)
“Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.” (John 18:37)
“14 That thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ:” 15 Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;” (1 Timothy 6:14-16)
“5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.” (Revelation 12:5)
“3 Then shall the Lord [Yahweh] go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south…. 9 And the Lord [Yahweh] shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Lord [Yahweh], and his name one.” (Zechariah 14:3-4, 9; Cr. Acts 1:9-12)
“15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.“ (Revelation 11:15)
“These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.” (Revelation 17:4)
”And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” (Revelation 19:6)
“For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)
The Son of Man is called the most high whose dominion is everlasting
“… I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom is from generation to generation:” (Daniel 4:34)
“13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.” (Daniel 7:13-14)
The Bible is clear from beginning to end that only God is to be worshiped.
For example in Exodus 23:24 “24 Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images.“
2 Kings 17:35 – “35 With whom the Lord [Yahweh] had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, Ye shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them:”
It is the first commandment of the 10 Commandments, in Exodus 20 it reads “And God spake all these words, saying,2 I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;”
Romans 1:25 it reads “Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen”
Those who worshipped other gods were commanded to be killed!
Deuteronomy 13:6-12 – “6 If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers;7 Namely, of the gods of the people which are round about you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth;8 Thou shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken unto him; neither shall thine eye pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither shalt thou conceal him:9 But thou shalt surely kill him; thine hand shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterwards the hand of all the people.10 And thou shalt stone him with stones, that he die; because he hath sought to thrust thee away from the Lord thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.11 And all Israel shall hear, and fear, and shall do no more any such wickedness as this is among you.12 If thou shalt hear say in one of thy cities, which the Lord thy God hath given thee to dwell there, saying,“
Jesus makes it clear that God is only to be worshipped:
Matt. 4:10- “10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.“ [Quote from Deut 6:13]
Peter knows only God is worthy of worship:
“25 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him. 26 But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.” Acts 10:25-26
Angels know only God is worthy of worship:
“And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.“ Revelation 14:6-7
“And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” Revelation 19:10
“8 And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things. 9 Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.“ Revelation 22:8-9
Why would the Father have the angels worship Jesus and commit idolatry if He was a created being?
Hebrews 1:6 (Cf. Psalms 97:7) “And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.”
But Jesus is worshipped:
Matthew 8:2-3 “2 And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.3 And Jesus put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will; be thou clean. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.”
Matthew 9:18 “18 While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.”
Matthew 15:25 “25 Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.”
Matthew 14:33 “33 Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God.”
John 9:35-38.“35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when he had found him, he said unto him, Dost thou believe on the Son of God?36 He answered and said, Who is he, Lord, that I might believe on him?37 And Jesus said unto him, Thou hast both seen him, and it is he that talketh with thee.38 And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him.“
Matthew 28:17 “17 And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted.”
Matthew 28:9 “9 And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him.”
Luke 24:51-53 “51 And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven.52 And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy:53 And were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.“
Rev 5:8- “8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.”
Hebrews 1:6 “And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.”
Revelation shows Jesus being honored or worshipped in exactly the same way that God is. Notice, for instance, the way in which the inhabitants of heaven worship God:
“After this I looked, and lo, in heaven an open door! And the first voice, which I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet, said, ‘Come up hither, and I will show you what must take place after this.’ At once I was in the Spirit, and lo, a throne stood in heaven, with one seated on the throne! And he who sat there appeared like jasper and carnelian, and round the throne was a rainbow that looked like an emerald. Round the throne were twenty-four thrones, and seated on the thrones were twenty-four elders, clad in white garments, with golden crowns upon their heads. From the throne issue flashes of lightning, and voices and peals of thunder, and before the throne burn seven torches of fire, which are the seven spirits of God; and before the throne there is as it were a sea of glass, like crystal. And round the throne, on each side of the throne, are four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind: the first living creature like a lion, the second living creature like an ox, the third living creature with the face of a man, and the fourth living creature like a flying eagle. And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all round and within, and day and night they never cease to sing, ‘Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!’ And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, who lives for ever and ever, the twenty-four elders fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives for ever and ever; they cast their crowns before the throne, singing, ‘Worthy art thou, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for thou didst create all things, and by thy will they existed and were created.’” Revelation 4:1-11
The Old Testament says something similar:
“Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty; for all that is in the heavens and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all.” 1 Chronicles 29:11
In the very next chapter of Revelation, John sees all creation giving the Lord Jesus the very same honor or worship:
“And I saw in the right hand of him who was seated on the throne a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals; and I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, ‘Who is worthy to open the scroll and break its seals?’ And no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or to look into it, and I wept much that no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to look into it. Then one of the elders said to me, ‘Weep not; lo, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered, so that he can open the scroll and its seven seals.’ And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders, I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth; and he went and took the scroll from the right hand of him who was seated on the throne. And when he had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and with golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints; and they sang a new song, saying, ‘Worthy art thou to take the scroll and to open its seals, for thou wast slain and by thy blood didst ransom men for God from every tribe and tongue and people and nation, and hast made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on earth.’ Then I looked, and I heard around the throne and the living creatures and the elders the voice of many angels, numbering myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice, ‘Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!’ And I heard EVERY CREATURE in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all therein, saying, ‘To him who sits upon the throne AND TO THE LAMB be blessing and honor and glory and might for ever and ever!’ And the four living creatures said, ‘Amen!’ and the elders fell down and worshiped.” Revelation 5:1-14
The scriptures are clear that only God should be worshipped and there is only one true God. Yet the Father approved of Jesus even though He received worshiped otherwise He wouldn’t have said in Matthew 17:5 “5 While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.”
The Holy Bible emphatically states that God alone is to receive sacred service or latreuo:
“8 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;9 And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve (kai auto mono latreuseis).” Matthew 4:8-10; cf. Luke 4:8
Jesus is given sacred service or latreuo:
“And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.2 In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.3 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve (latreusousin) him:4 And they shall see his face (to prosopon autou); and his name shall be in their foreheads.5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.” (Revelation 22:1-5)
Even more scriptures showing the deity of Jesus.
John 20:28 – “And Thomas answered and said unto him [Jesus], My Lord and my God.”In Greek, Thomas literally said “The Lord of me and the God (ho Theos) of me.” Source
Matthew 1:23 – “Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.”
John 5:22-23 – “22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:23 That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.”
Do you honor the Son as the Father? If you worship, praise, give thanks to the Father you should do the same to the Son.
John 2:19-21 –“9 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?21 But he spake of the temple of his body.”
Colossians 2:9-10 “9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead [theotés] bodily.10 And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:”
John 1:1-2 –“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.2 The same was in the beginning with God.”
Acts 20:28 –“Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.”
Romans 9:5 – “Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen”
Hebrews 1:8 – “But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.” (Cr. Psalms 45:6)
Hebrews 1:9 – “Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.” (Cr. Psalms 45:7)
Titus 2:13-14 – “Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.”
Paul calls Jesus our “hope” in 1 Timothy 1:1. Paul uses the word “appearing” in 2 Thess. 2:8;1 Tim. 6:14; 2 Tim. 1:10; 2 Tim. 4:1; & 4:8 in relation to Jesus. Jesus is called “Saviour” in 1 Tim. 6:4; Titus 3:6 & Titus 1:4. Cr. Psalms 130:7-8; Ezekiel 37:23; Exodus 19:5; Deut. 7:6 which are scriptures about Yahweh applied to Jesus in this passage.
1 John 5:20 – “And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.”
“Life” is never predicated of the Father elsewhere, while it is predicated of Jesus in John 11:25 and 14:6. If “This is” in 5:20 is understood as referring to Jesus, it forms an inclusion with the prologue, which introduced the reader to “the eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested to us.” Thus if one was objective, you would understand the pronoun “This is” in 5:20 as a reference to Jesus Christ.
Moreover, the writer (John) relates Jesus to life in 1 John 1:1-3; 5:11; 5:12; 5:13. There is no instance in the writings of John, in which the appellation life, and “eternal” life is bestowed upon the Father.
And more evidence that the referent is Jesus is that it would be tautology if it interpreted that the Father is the referent. It would read something like “That we may know the true God, and we are in the true God: this is the true God, and eternal life.”
Lastly, if John did not mean to affirm Jesus is the true God, he surely expressed it in a way that is easily misunderstood. It would have been careless of him that he would use an expression that would lead to the very sin against which he endeavors to guard in the next verse – the sin of substituting a creature in the place of God, and rendering to another the honor due to him.
2 Peter 1:1 – “Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:”
2 Peter 1:11 reads “For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ”. Who is the subject of the passage? Jesus Christ, correct? It has almost the exact same construction as 2 Peter 1:1, which reads in the Greek “tou theou hemon kai sotaros Iesou Christou” [Source]. Compared to 2 Peter 1:11 which reads “tou kuriou hemon kai sotaros Iesou Christou” [Source]. Did you notice the exact one-to-one correspondence between these passages? What differentiates the two is the substitution of “kuriou” for “theou”. No one questions the translation of “our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ” at 1:11; but why question the translation of “our God and Savior, Jesus Christ” at 1:1? Consistency in translation demands that we read the passage without any biases or prejudices to interfere with our rendering of God’s Word.
For the following scripture in the Greek, it reads the “Lord God” https://biblehub.com/interlinear/revelation/1-8.htm and most of the critical Greek texts have the words the “Lord God” https://biblehub.com/texts/revelation/1-8.htm. Jesus speaking:
Revelation 1:8 (NASB) – “”I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.””
(NIV) “”I am the Alpha and the Omega,”says the Lord God, “who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.””
(Berean Literal Bible) “”I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says Lord God, the One being, and who was, and who is coming, the Almighty.”
Jesus calls Himself “I AM.”
John 8:58-59 –“58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am [Gr. ego eimi].59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.”
John 13:19 – “Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am [Gr. ego eimi] he.”
John 18:4-6 – “4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he [Gr. ego eimi]. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.6 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he[Gr. ego eimi], they went backward, and fell to the ground.”
Deuteronomy 32:39 LXX – “Behold, behold that I am, and there is no god beside me: I kill, and I will make to live: I will smite, and I will heal; and there is none who shall deliver out of my hands.”
Cr. Jesus’ “I AM” statements with Isa. 41:4; Isa. 43:10; Isa. 43:25; Isa. 46:4; Isa. 51:12; Ex. 3:14 in the LXX.
How was Jesus’ claim to be the Son of God understood by His listeners?
John 5:18 – “18 Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.“
John 10:28-33 –“28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand.30 I and my Father are one.31 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.“
Is Jesus really the archangel Michael as the Watchtower teaches?
If Jesus is the first and highest of all created creatures, as the Watchtower teaches and if Jesus in His prehuman state was the archangel Michael, then why is Michael called “one of the chief princes” in Daniel 10:13? Doesn’t this show that Michael is one among equals?
The Watchtower uses 1 Thessalonians 4:6 to support their doctrine that Jesus is the archangel Michael. But if using an archangel’s voice makes Jesus an archangel, to be consistent wouldn’t having God’s trumpet make Him God?
Do you believe the name of Jesus is above every name?
Philippians 2:9 – “9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:”
How does one’s relationship with Christ affect his position before God?
Gal 3:26 – “26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.”
1 John 5:12 – “12 He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.”
Should a Christian come directly to Jesus?
Matt 11:28-30- “28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.“
John 5:39-40- “39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.40 And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.”
John 6:35- “35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.”
John 6:37- “37 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.”
John 6:44- “44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.”
John 6:45- “45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.”
John 7:37-38- “37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.“.
John 12:32-“32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.”
John 14:6- “6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.”
Heb 13:13- “13 Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.”
1 Pet 2:25- “25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.”
Can one know Jesus personally?
John 14:21- “21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.“
John 17:3-“3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.”
Phil 3:10- “10 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;”
How much should a Christian love Jesus?
Matt. 10:37-38 “37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.38 And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.“
Eph. 6:24- “24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.”
Phil. 1:21- “21 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.”
What must a Christian be willing to do for Jesus?
Matt. 16:25-“25 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it.”
Phil. 3:8- “8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,”
How close of a personal relationship should a Christian have with Jesus?
John 14:23-“23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.”
John 15:4-5-“4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me.5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.“ (Compare with Isaiah 60:21)
John 17:23-“23 I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.”
Rom. 13:14- “14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.”
2 Co.r 12:9- “9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.”
2 Cor. 13:5- “5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?”
Gal. 2:20- “20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.”
Gal. 3:27- “27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.”
Gal. 4:6- “6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.”
Gal. 4:19- “19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you,”
Eph. 3:16-17- “16 That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man;17 That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love,”
Eph. 4:15- “15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:”
Phil. 4:7- “7 And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.”
Col. 2:6- “6 As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk ye in him:”
Col. 2:10- “10 And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:”
Col. 3:11- “11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.”
1 Pet. 3:15- “15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear:”
1 John 1:3- “3 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.”
Rev. 3:20- “20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.”
Is it proper to pray to Jesus?
John 14:14-“14 If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.”
Acts 7:59-60- “59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.”
Acts 9:14-“14 And here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on thy name [Jesus].”
Acts 9:20-21- “20 And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.21 But all that heard him were amazed, and said; Is not this he that destroyed them which called on this name in Jerusalem, and came hither for that intent, that he might bring them bound unto the chief priests?“
Acts 22:16-“16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord [Jesus].”
Acts 22:17-19-“17 And it came to pass, that, when I was come again to Jerusalem, even while I prayed in the temple, I was in a trance;18 And saw him saying unto me, Make haste, and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem: for they will not receive thy testimony concerning me.19 And I said, Lord [Jesus], they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue them that believed on thee:“
Rom 10:9,11-13-“9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved….11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.“
1 Cor 1:2- “2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both their’s and our’s:”
2 Cor 12:8-9- “8 For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me.9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.”
1 Ti 1:12- “12 And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;”
Rev 22:20- “20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.”
Demons are cast out in whose name?
“38 And John answered him, saying, Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name, and he followeth not us: and we forbad him, because he followeth not us.” (Mark 9:38)
“17 And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name.” (Luke 10:17)
“18 And this did she many days. But Paul, being grieved, turned and said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her. And he came out the same hour.” (Acts 16:18)
The name of Jesus magnified and exalted above the Father’s name:
“17 And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified.” (Acts 19:17)
“12 That the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified in you, and ye in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.” (2 Thessalonians 2:12)
“20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:” (Ephesians 1:20-21)
“9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:” (Philippians 2:9)
Who were the apostles a witness of and who did they preach?
“47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48 And ye are witnesses of these things.” (Luke 24:47-48)
“39 And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree:” (Acts 10:39)
“11 And the night following the Lord stood by him, and said, Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness also at Rome.” (Acts 23:11)
“12 But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.” (Acts 8:12)
“20 And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.” (Acts 9:20)
“8 What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.” (Phil. 1:8)
“23 But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness;” (1 Cor. 1:23)
“21 For these causes the Jews caught me in the temple, and went about to kill me.22 Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come:23 That Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles.” (Acts 26:21-23)
“2 And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,3 Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ.” (Acts 17:2-3)
[More scriptures: John 1:15; John 5:37; John 8:18; John 15:26,27; Acts 1:8; Acts 10:43; Acts 13:31; Acts 22:15; Acts 22:20; Acts 26:16; 1 Cor. 1:6; 1 Tim. 2:6,7; 2 Tim. 1:8; 1 John 5:9; Rev. 1:9; Rev. 12:17; Rev. 17:6; Rev. 19:10; Rev. 20:4; Acts 8:35; Acts 8:5; Acts 17:18; 2 Cor. 1:19; Rom. 15:19; Gal. 1:8; 2 Cor. 4:5; 2 Cor. 11:14; Acts 5:28; Acts 17:18; Acts 18:5; Acts 20:20-21; 1 Cor. 2:2]
Is Jesus a created god or a created Mighty God (Isaiah 9:6) created by Yahweh?
“Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.” (Isaiah 43:10)
“Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.” (Isaiah 44:8)
“I am the LORD [Yahweh], and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:” (Isaiah 45:5)
Isn’t God alone who is good according to Mark 10:17-18? Jesus is also good.
“If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious [some translations read “good”].” (1 Peter 2:3; Cf. Psalm 34:8)
“3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. 4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.” (Revelation 15:3-4)
“13 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let him go. 14 But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you; 15 and killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.” (Acts 3:13-15)
“26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;” (Hebrews 7:26)
“21 For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: 22 who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: 23 who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously: 24 who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed. 25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.”(1 Peter 2:21-25)
“11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.” (John 10:11, 14)
What form did Jesus assume when coming to earth as a man?
Phil. 2:5-7- “5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:”
Parallels Between the Father and the Son:
- John 5:23 – “Honor the Son as the Father”.
- John 8:19,24 – “Know the Son/ Know the Father”.
- John 14:1 (Cr. Jer. 17:5-8) – Trust in God, Trust in Jesus.
- John 14:9 – See Jesus, see the Father.
- 1 Corinthians 8:6 – “by whom are all things, and we by him.”
- 1 Thessalonians 3:11 – Both Father and Son direct our way.
- 1 John 1:3 – Christians fellowship with both Father and Son.
- John 14:23 – Both Father and Son make their abode with Christians.
- 1 John 2:23 – Deny the Son, you deny the Father; Confess the Son has the Father.
- John 17:3 – Eternal life is to know the Father and the Son.
- John 6:44; Luke 10:22 – the Father reveals the Son and the Son reveals the Father
- Ephesians 5:5 – Joint ownership of the Kingdom.
- 1 Peter 2:9; Titus 2:13-14 – Joint possessors of people.
- 2 Thes. 2:16-17; 1 Thes. 3:11 – Joint prayers to Father and Son where singular verbs are used.
- Galatians 4:6; Romans 8:14-15 – By the Spirit of the Father and the Spirit of the Christ we cry “abba Father!”
- 1 Peter 1:10-11; 2 Peter 1:21 – By the Spirit of the Father and the Spirit of Christ prophets spoke.
- Isaiah 43:13; Deuteronomy 32:39; John 10:28-30 – No one can deliver from Hand of the Father and Jesus.
- 1 Thess. 2:2, 6-9; 1 Thess. 3:2, Gal. 1:7 – The Gospel is God’s and the Gospel’s is Jesus’
- Gal. 1:13, 1 Cor. 15:9; Romans 16:16 – The Church of God is also the Church of Christ.
- 1 Thess. 2:12; Eph. 5:5 – God’s Kingdom is also Christ’s Kingdom.
- Col. 1:25, 1 Thess. 2:13; 1 Thess. 1:8, 4:15 – God’s word is also Christ’s.
- Rom. 6:22; Rom. 1:1, Gal. 1:10 – A slave of God and a slave of Christ.
- Yahweh is our salvation. Jesus is our salvation.
- Yahweh rewards us for our works. Jesus rewards us for our works.
- Yahweh calls Himself the First and the Last; Jesus calls Himself the First and the Last.
- John identified the one Isaiah saw in the throne room who was Yahweh as Jesus.
- Out of the mouth of babes praise be to God. Jesus applies the scripture to Himself.
- Yahweh is a stumbling block. The NT writers apply it to Jesus.
- Prepare the way of Yahweh. NT writers applied it to Jesus.
- The Lord, called Ha Adon who Yahweh is exclusively called (cf. Exodus 23:17; 34:23; Isaiah 1:24; 3:1; 10:16, 33; 19:4; Micah 4:13), enters His temple is Jesus
- Only God can redeem a soul from the grave and is our redeemer. Jesus is our redeemer
- Yahweh’s feet will stand on Mt. Olives, a prophecy to be fulfilled by Jesus.
- Yahweh receives your spirit when you die. Stephen tells Jesus to receive his spirit.
- Invoking Yahweh for salvation in the OT is applied to Jesus in the NT.
- Every knee shall bow and tongue confess to Yahweh. Every knee will bow and tongue will confess to Jesus.
- Yahweh judges the earth but we are all going to be judged by Jesus.
- Yahweh said He was pierced. The NT writer applied the One who was pierced to Jesus.
- Everything belongs to Yahweh. Jesus said everything the Father has belongs to Him and everything that belongs to Him belongs to the Father.
- Yahweh corrects those He loves. Jesus rebukes those He loves.
- Yahweh is the Lord of Lords. Jesus is the Lord of Lords.
- Yahweh is the mighty God. Jesus is the mighty God.
- No one is like Yahweh. Jesus said if you have known or seen Him you have known or seen the Father so He must be Yahweh.
- All angels commanded to worship Yahweh. All angels commanded to worship Jesus.
- Yahweh is a giver of life and no one can pluck someone from His hand. Jesus is a giver of life and no one can pluck anyone out of His hand.
- Yahweh said there is no other savior besides Him. Jesus is the Savior.
- Yahweh ascended on high and led captivity captive and gave gifts for men. So did Jesus.
- Yahweh alone created all things. Jesus created all things.
- Yahweh laid the foundations of the earth and worked on the heavens. Jesus laid the foundations of the earth and worked on the heavens.
- Yahweh is my shepherd. Jesus is the chief shepherd.
- Yahweh is omnipresent and fills all things. Jesus is omnipresent and fills all things.
- Yahweh is Almighty. Jesus is Almighty.
- Yahweh is your Husband. Jesus is your Husband.
- Yahweh is from everlasting or from the beginning. Jesus is from everlasting or from the beginning.
- Yahweh and His throne endures forever. Jesus and His throne endures forever.
- Yahweh is the Rock. Jesus is the Rock.
- Yahweh is tested by the Hebrews who is Jesus
- Yahweh is our Hope. Jesus is our Hope
- Yahweh reveals the secret things. Jesus reveals the secret things.
- Yahweh walks on the water and makes the waves still. Jesus walks on the water and makes the waves still.
- Yahweh is your righteousness. Jesus is your righteousness.
- Yahweh speaks with divine authority. Jesus speaks with divine authority
- Yahweh is the Holy One. Jesus is the Holy One.
- Yahweh said to be His witness. Jesus said to be His witness.
- Yahweh is the Light. Jesus is the Light.
- Yahweh knows the hearts and minds of everyone. Jesus knows the hearts and minds of everyone.
- Yahweh gives you rest. Jesus gives you rest.
- Yahweh is the Lord of the sabbath. Jesus is the Lord of the sabbath.
- Yahweh sanctifies you. Jesus sanctifies you.
- Yahweh is the King or Lord of glory. Jesus is the King or Lord of glory.
- Yahweh’s words will not pass away. Jesus’ words will not pass away.
- Yahweh is your Life. Jesus is your Life.
- Yahweh is your source for living waters. Jesus is your source for living waters.
- Yahweh shares His glory with no one. The Father shares His Glory with the Son.
- Yahweh is the Truth and True. Jesus is the Truth and True.
- Yahweh is the Healer. Jesus is the Healer.
- Angels belong to Yahweh. Angels belong to Jesus.
- Yahweh gives peace. Jesus gives peace.
- Yahweh doesn’t change. Jesus doesn’t change.
- Yahweh’s Spirit was on the prophets. Jesus’ Spirit was on the prophets.
- Yahweh sent the prophets. Jesus sent the prophets.
- Yahweh delivered the Israelites out of Egypt. Jesus Delivered the Israelites out of Egypt.
- Yahweh forgives sins. Jesus forgives sins.
- No one can deliver from Yahweh’s hand. No one can snatch from Jesus’ hand.
- Jesus is identified as Yahweh ruling from Jerusalem.
- Yahweh is the Great King (who is identified as the most high) over all the earth. Jesus is the Great King over all the earth.
- The Kingdom belongs to the Most High. The Kingdom belongs to the Son of Man.
- Jesus is worshipped by all created things in heaven, earth, under the earth, and sea.
- Jesus should have equal honor as the Father.
- You should be willing to lose your life for Jesus.
- You should love Jesus more than our parents and children.
- You should know Jesus personally and have a very close relationship with Him.
- Jesus’ name is magnified and is above all names.
- Salvation is found in no other name but Jesus.
- Demons are cast out in the name of Jesus.
- The apostles were a witness for Jesus – they preached Jesus.
- Jesus is evoked by prayer and answers prayer.
- The Jews thought He was making Himself God.
- Jesus is explicitly called God.
- Many parallels between the Father and the Son.
Early Christian writers on the deity of Jesus.
50 AD The Huleatt Manuscript: “She poured it [the perfume] over his [Jesus’] hair when he sat at the table. But, when the disciples saw it, they were indignant. . . . God, aware of this, said to them: ‘Why do you trouble this woman? She has done [a beautiful thing for me.] . . . Then one of the Twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priest and said, ‘What will you give me for my work?’ [Matt. 26:7-15]” (Huleatt fragments 1-3).
74 AD The Letter of Barnabas: “And further, my brethren, if the Lord [Jesus] endured to suffer for our soul, he being the Lord of all the world, to whom God said at the foundation of the world, ‘Let us make man after our image, and after our likeness,’ understand how it was that he endured to suffer at the hand of men” (Letter of Barnabas 5).
80 AD Hermas: “The Son of God is older than all his creation, so that he became the Father’s adviser in his creation. Therefore also he is ancient” (The Shepherd 12).
Ignatius of Antioch [was believed to be a disciple of John the Apostle (c. 50–117,)]: For our God, Jesus the Christ, was conceived by Mary according to God’s plan, both from the seed of David and of the Holy Spirit. (Ignatius, Letter to the Ephesians, 18.2. Translation from Michael Holmes, Apostolic Fathers, 197).
Ignatious of Antioch: “Since, also, there is but one unbegotten Being, God, even the Father; and one only-begotten Son, God, the Word and man; and one Comforter, the Spirit of truth; and also one preaching, and one faith, and one baptism;” (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philadelphians Chapter IV)
Polycarp of Smyrna [was also believed to be a disciple of John the Apostle (69–155)]: Now may the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the eternal high priest himself, the Son of God Jesus Christ, build you up in faith and truth . . ., and to us with you, and to all those under heaven who will yet believe in our Lord and God Jesus Christ and in his Father who raised him from the dead. (Polycarp, Philippians, 12:2)
Justin Martyr (100–165): And that Christ being Lord, and God the Son of God, and appearing formerly in power as Man, and Angel, and in the glory of fire as at the bush, so also was manifested at the judgment executed on Sodom, has been demonstrated fully by what has been said. (Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho, 128. Translation from Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, Ante-Nicene Fathers, I:264)
150 AD Justin Martyr: “The Father of the universe has a Son, who also being the first begotten Word of God, is even God.” (Justin Martyr, First Apology, ch 63)
150 AD Justin Martyr: “Christ is called both God and Lord of hosts.” (Dialogue with Trypho, ch, 36)
150 AD Justin Martyr: “No one knows the Father but the Son, nor the Son but the Father, and those to whom the Son will reveal him” [Matt. 21:27]. The Jews, accordingly, being are throughout of the opinion that it was the Father of the universe who spoke to Moses [in the burning bush], though the One who spoke to him was the Son of God. … They are justly charged, both by the Spirit of Prophecy and by Christ himself, with knowing neither the Father nor the Son. Those who affirm that the Son is the Father are proven neither to be acquainted with the Father nor to know that the Father has a Son. The Son, being the first-begotten Word of God, is God. Of old he appeared in the shape of and in the likeness of an angel to Moses and other prophets, but now in the time of your reign [i.e., during the Roman empire] … he became man by a virgin … for the salvation of those who believe in him. (First Apology 63).
Tatian (110–172): We do not act as fools, O Greeks, nor utter idle tales when we announce that God was born in the form of man. (Tatian, Address to the Greeks, 21)
Theophilus (168): “For the divine writing itself teaches us that Adam said that he had heard the voice. What else is this voice but the Word of God, who is also his Son? [He is] not [a son] in the way the poets and writers of myths speak of sons of gods begotten from intercourse, but as truth expounds, the Word, who always exists, residing within the heart of God. For before anything came into being [God] had him as a counselor, being his own mind and thought.
But when God wished to make all that he determined, he begot this Word, uttered, the firstborn of all creation, not himself being emptied of the Word [or Reason], but having begotten Reason, and always conversing with his Reason.
And this is what the holy writings teach us, as well as all the Spirit-bearing men, one of whom, John, says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God” [Jn. 1:1], showing that at first God was alone, and the Word in him. Then he says, “The Word was God; all things came into existence through him, and apart from him not one thing came into existence.” (To Autolycus II:22)
Melito of Sardis (d. c. 180): He that hung up the earth in space was Himself hanged up; He that fixed the heavens was fixed with nails; He that bore up the earth was born up on a tree; the Lord of all was subjected to ignominy in a naked body – God put to death! . . . [I]n order that He might not be seen, the luminaries turned away, and the day became darkened—because they slew God, who hung naked on the tree. . . . This is He who made the heaven and the earth, and in the beginning, together with the Father, fashioned man; who was announced by means of the law and the prophets; who put on a bodily form in the Virgin; who was hanged upon the tree; who was buried in the earth; who rose from the place of the dead, and ascended to the height of heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of the Father. (Melito, 5. ANF, VIII:757)
Irenaeus of Lyons (120–202) [believed to be the disciple of John the Apostle]: For I have shown from the Scriptures, that no one of the sons of Adam is as to everything, and absolutely, called God, or named Lord. But that He is Himself in His own right, beyond all men who ever lived, God, and Lord, and King Eternal, and the Incarnate Word, proclaimed by all the prophets, the apostles, and by the Spirit Himself, may be seen by all who have attained to even a small portion of the truth. Now, the Scriptures would not have testified these things of Him, if, like others, He had been a mere man. . . . He is the holy Lord, the Wonderful, the Counselor, the Beautiful in appearance, and the Mighty God, coming on the clouds as the Judge of all men; — all these things did the Scriptures prophesy of Him. (Irenaeus, Against Heresies, 3.19.2)
Clement of Alexandria (c. 150–215): This Word, then, the Christ, the cause of both our being at first (for He was in God) and of our well-being, this very Word has now appeared as man, He alone being both, both God and man—the Author of all blessings to us; by whom we, being taught to live well, are sent on our way to life eternal. . . . . . . The Word, who in the beginning bestowed on us life as Creator when He formed us, taught us to live well when He appeared as our Teacher; that as God He might afterwards conduct us to the life which never ends. (Clement of Alexandria, Exhortation to the Heathen, 1. ANF, II:173)
Tertullian (c. 160–225): For God alone is without sin; and the only man without sin is Christ, since Christ is also God. (Tertullian, Treatise on the Soul, 41. ANF, III:221)
200 AD Tertullian: “That there are two Gods and two Lords, however, is a statement which we will never allow to issue from our mouth; not as if the Father and the Son were not God, nor the Spirit God, and each of them God; but formerly two were spoken of as Gods and two as Lords, so that when Christ would come, he might both be acknowledged as God and be called Lord, because he is the Son of him who is both God and Lord” (Against Praxeas 13:6)
200 AD Tertullian: “They more readily supposed that the Father acted in the Son’s name, than that the Son acted in the Father’s; although the Lord says Himself,
I have come in my Father’s name; John 5:43 and even to the Father He declares,
I have manifested Your name unto these men; John 17:6 while the Scripture likewise says,
Blessed is He that comes in the name of the Lord, that is to say, the Son in the Father’s name. And as for the Father’s names, God Almighty, the Most High, the Lord of hosts, the King of Israel, the
One that is, we say (for so much do the Scriptures teach us) that they belonged suitably to the Son also, and that the Son came under these designations, and has always acted in them, and has thus manifested them in Himself to men.
All things, says He,
which the Father has are mine. John 16:15 Then why not His names also? When, therefore, you read of Almighty God, and the Most High, and the God of hosts, and the King of Israel, the
One that is, consider whether the Son also be not indicated by these designations, who in His own right is God Almighty, in that He is the Word of Almighty God, and has received power over all; is the Most High, in that He is
exalted at the right hand of God, as Peter declares in the Acts; Acts 2:22 is the Lord of hosts, because all things are by the Father made subject to Him; is the King of Israel because to Him has especially been committed the destiny of that nation; and is likewise
the One that is, because there are many who are called Sons, but are not. (Against Praxeas, Chapter 17)
Hippolytus (170–235) [a third-century theologian. He was a disciple of Irenaeus, who was a disciple of Polycarp, who was a disciple of John]: “The Logos alone of this God is from God himself; wherefore also the Logos is God, being the substance of God.” (Hippolytus, Refutation of All Heresies, 10.29. ANF, V:151)
200 AD Hippolytus: “For Christ is the God above all…” (Refutation of all Heresies, Book X, ch 30)
Caius (180–217) [in response to those who would question the deity of Christ]: Perhaps what they allege might be credible, did not the Holy Scriptures, in the first place, contradict them. And then, besides, there are writings of certain brethren older than the times of Victor, which they wrote against the heathen in defense of the truth, and against the heresies of their time: I mean Justin and Miltiades, and Tatian and Clement, and many others, in all which divinity is ascribed to Christ. For who is ignorant of the books of Irenaeus and Melito, and the rest, which declare Christ to be God and man? All the psalms, too, and hymns of brethren, which have been written from the beginning by the faithful, celebrate Christ the Word of God, ascribing divinity to Him. (Caius, Fragments, 2.1. ANF, V:601)
Origen (c. 185–254): Jesus Christ . . . in the last times, divesting Himself (of His glory), became a man, and was incarnate although God, and while made a man remained the God which He was. (Origen, De Principiis, Preface, 4. ANF, IV:240)
225 AD Origen: “And that you may understand that the omnipotence of Father and Son is one and the same, as God and the Lord are one and the same with the Father, listen to the manner in which John speaks in the Apocalypse: “Thus saith the Lord God, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.”(3) For who else was “He which is to come” than Christ? And as no one ought to be offended, seeing God is the Father, that the Saviour is also God; so also, since the Father is called omnipotent, no one ought to be offended that the Son of God is also cared omnipotent.” (De Principis, On Christ, Book 1, Ch 2)
Origen: “But it is monstrous and unlawful to compare God the Father, in the generation of His only-begotten Son, and in the substance of the same, to any man or other living thing engaged in such an act; for we must of necessity hold that there is something exceptional and worthy of God which does not admit of any comparison at all, not merely in things, but which cannot even be conceived by thought or discovered by perception, so that a human mind should be able to apprehend how the unbegotten God is made the Father of the only-begotten Son. Because His generation is as eternal and everlasting as the brilliancy which is produced from the sun. For it is not by receiving the breath of life that He is made a Son, by any outward act, but by His own nature.” (Origen, De Principiis, Book 1, Chapter 2, Section 4)
Novatian of Rome (210–280): For Scripture as much announces Christ as also God, as it announces God Himself as man. It has as much described Jesus Christ to be man, as moreover it has also described Christ the Lord to be God. Because it does not set forth Him to be the Son of God only, but also the Son of man; nor does it only say, the Son of man, but it has also been accustomed to speak of Him as the Son of God. So that being of both, He is both, lest if He should be one only, He could not be the other. For as nature itself has prescribed that he must be believed to be a man who is of man, so the same nature prescribes also that He must be believed to be God who is of God. . . . Let them, therefore, who read that Jesus Christ the Son of man is man, read also that this same Jesus is called also God and the Son of God. (Novatian, On the Trinity, 11. ANF, V:620)
253 AD Cyprian of Carthage: ” If of Christ; he could not become His temple, since he denies that Christ is God.” (Epistles 72:12)
Council of Nicea I: “We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, one in being with the Father. Through him all things were made” (Creed of Nicaea [A.D. 325]).
Jesus is uncreated, eternal, was before time or ages or the beginning, or had no beginning:
Ignatious of Antioch (died circa 108-140): “Wait expectantly for the one who is above time: the Eternal, the Invisible, who for our sake became visible; the Intangible, the Unsuffering, who for our sake suffered, who for our sake endured in every way” (Ignatius, Letter to Polycarp, 3.2)
Ignatius of Antioch: “… who are most dear to me, and are entrusted with the ministry of Jesus Christ, who was with the Father before the beginning of time and in the end was revealed.” (Letter of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter 6)
Anonymous, Letter to Diognetus (80-130): This is he who was from the beginning, who appeared as if new, and was found old, and yet who is ever born afresh in the hearts of the saints. This is he who, being from everlasting, is today called the Son. (Letter to Diognetus 11)
(150) Justin Martyr: “…that this Christ existed as God before the ages.” (Dialogue with Trypho, 48).
(160-177 AD) Melito or Bishop of Sardis: “For, being at once both God and perfect man likewise, He gave us sure indications of His two natures: of His Deity, by His miracles during the three years that elapsed after His baptism; of His humanity, during the thirty similar periods which preceded His baptism, in which, by reason of His low estate as regards the flesh, He concealed the signs of His Deity, although He was the true God existing before all ages.”(Fragment in The Guide, VII).
Athenagorus (c. AD 177): “We acknowledge … a Son of God. Don’t let anyone think it ridiculous that God should have a Son. … The Son of God is the Logos of the Father … He is the first product of the Father, not as though he was being brought into existence, for from the beginning God, who is the eternal Mind, had the Logos in himself.” (A Plea for the Christians 10)
Theophilus of Antioch (180 AD): “And first, they taught us with one consent that God made all things out of nothing; for nothing was coeval with God: but He being His own place, and wanting nothing, and existing before the ages, willed to make man by whom He might be known; for him, therefore, He prepared the world. For he that is created is also needy; but he that is uncreated stands in need of nothing. God, then, having His own Word internal within His own bowels, begat Him, emitting Him along with His own wisdom before all things. He had this Word as a helper in the things that were created by Him, and by Him He made all things. He is called ‘governing principle’, because He rules, and is Lord of all things fashioned by Him. He, then, being Spirit of God, and governing principle, and wisdom, and power of the highest, came down upon the prophets, and through them spoke of the creation of the world and of all other things. For the prophets were not when the world came into existence, but the wisdom of God which was in Him, and His holy Word which was always present with Him. (Book II, Chapter X)
180 AD Irenaeus: “But the Son, eternally co-existing with the Father, from of old, yea, from the beginning, always reveals the Father to Angels, Archangels, Powers, Virtues…” (Against Heresies, Book II, ch. 30, section 9)
180 AD Irenaeus: “For thou, O man, art not an uncreated being, nor didst thou always co-exist with God, as did His own Word; but now, through His pre-eminent goodness, receiving the beginning of thy creation, thou dost gradually learn from the Word the dispensations of God who made thee” (Irenaeus Against Heresies, Book 2, Chapter 25).
180 AD Irenaeus: “I have also largely demonstrated, that the Word, namely the Son, was always with the Father; and that Wisdom also, which is the Spirit, was present with Him, anterior to all creation..” (Against Heresies (Book IV, Chapter 20))
180 AD Irenaeus: “[The Gnostics] transfer the generation of the uttered word of men to the eternal Word of God, attributing to him a beginning of utterance and a coming into being . . . In what manner, then, would the word of God–indeed, the great God himself, since he is the Word–differ from the word of men?” (Against Heresies 2:13:8).
200 AD Tertullian: “For before all things God was alone — being in Himself and for Himself universe, and space, and all things. Moreover, He was alone, because there was nothing external to Him but Himself. Yet even not then was He alone; for He had with Him that which He possessed in Himself, that is to say, His own Reason. For God is rational, and Reason was first in Him; and so all things were from Himself. This Reason is His own Thought (or Consciousness) which the Greeks call , by which term we also designate Word or Discourse and therefore it is now usual with our people, owing to the mere simple interpretation of the term, to say that the Word was in the beginning with God;” (Against Praxeas, by Tertullian)
Clement of Alexandria (c. 150-215): “The Lord is the hierophant [interpreter of sacred mysteries] and seals while illuminating him who is initiated. He presents to the Father him who believes to be kept safe for ever. Such are the reveries of my mysteries. If it is your wish, be also initiated, and you shall join the choir along with angels around the unbegotten and indestructible and the only true God, the Word of God, raising the hymn with us. This Jesus, who is eternal, the one great High Priest of the one God, and of His Father, prays for and exhorts men.” (Exhortation to the Heathen 12)
Clement of Alexandria (c. 150-215): “This is the New Song, the manifestation of the Word that was in the beginning, and before the beginning. The Saviour, who existed before, has in recent days appeared. He, who is in Him that truly is, has appeared; for the Word, who
was with God, and by whom all things were created, has appeared as our Teacher.” (Exhortation to the Heathen 1)
Clement Of Alexandria (c. 150-215): “Following the Gospel according to John, and in accordance with it, this Epistle also contains the spiritual principle.
What therefore he says, “from the beginning,” the Presbyter explained to this effect, that the beginning of generation is not separated from the beginning of the Creator. For when he says, “That which was from the beginning,” he touches upon the generation without beginning of the Son, who is co-existent with the Father. There was; then, a Word importing an unbeginning eternity; as also the Word itself, that is, the Son of God, who being, by equality of substance, one with the Father, is eternal and uncreate. That He was always the Word, is signified by saying, “In the beginning was the Word.”” (Fragments of Clemens Alexandrus)
Clement Of Alexandria (c. 150-215): “… that the Son also existed always, without beginning.” (Fragments of Clemens Alexandrus)
225 AD Origen: “For we do not hold that which the heretics imagine: that some part of the Being of God was converted into the Son, or that the Son was procreated by the Father from non-existent substances, that is, from a Being outside himself, so that there were a time when he [the Son] did not exist” … “No, rejecting every suggestion of corporeality, we hold that the Word and the Wisdom was begotten out of the invisible and incorporeal God, without anything corporal being acted upon . . . the expression which we employ, however that there was never a time when he did not exist is to be taken with a certain allowance. For these very words `when’ and `never’ are terms of temporal significance, while whatever is said of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, is to be understood as transcending all time, all ages, and all eternity” … “For it is the Trinity alone which exceeds every sense in which not only temporal but even eternal may be understood. It is all other things, indeed, which are outside the Trinity, which are to be measured by time and ages” (The Fundamental Doctrines 4:4:1; or Book IV).
Origen: “Wherefore we have always held that God is the Father of His only-begotten Son, who was born indeed of Him, and derives from Him what He is, but without any beginning, not only such as may be measured by any divisions of time, but even that which the mind alone can contemplate within itself, or behold, so to speak, with the naked powers of the understanding” (Origen, De Principiis, Book 1, Chapter 2, Section 2)
259-268 AD Dionysius of Rome: “For if the Son was made, there was a time when He was not; but He always was, if, as He Himself declares, He is undoubtedly in the Father. And if Christ is the Word, the Wisdom, and the Power — for the divine writings tell us that Christ is these, as you yourselves know — assuredly these are powers of God. Wherefore, if the Son was made, there was a time when these were not in existence; and thus there was a time when God was without these things, which is utterly absurd.” (Against the Sabellians).
Dionysius, Bishop of Alexandria a.d. 200–265 (From the First Book):
- There certainly was not a time when God was not the Father.
- Neither, indeed, as though He had not brought forth these things, did God afterwards beget the Son, but because the Son has existence not from Himself, but from the Father.
(And after a few words he says of the Son Himself:—)
- Being the brightness of the eternal Light, He Himself also is absolutely eternal. For since light is always in existence, it is manifest that its brightness also exists, because light is perceived to exist from the fact that it shines, and it is impossible that light should not shine. And let us once more come to illustrations. If the sun exists, there is also day; if nothing of this be manifest, it is impossible that the sun should be there. If then the sun were eternal, the day would never end; but now, for such is not really the state of the case, the day begins with the beginning of the sun, and ends with its ending. But God is the eternal Light, which has neither had a beginning, nor shall ever fail. Therefore the eternal brightness shines forth before Him, and co-exists with Him, in that, existing without a beginning, and always begotten, He always shines before Him; and He is that Wisdom which says, “I was that wherein He delighted, and I was daily His delight before His face at all times.”
(And a little after he thus pursues his discourse from the same point:—)
- Since, therefore, the Father is eternal, the Son also is eternal, Light of Light. For where there is the begetter, there is also the offspring. And if there is no offspring, how and of what can He be the begetter? But both are, and always are. Since, then, God is the Light, Christ is the Brightness. And since He is a Spirit—for says He, “God is a Spirit” —fittingly again is Christ called Breath; for “He,” saith He, “is the breath of God’s power.” (And again he says:—)
- Moreover, the Son alone, always co-existing with the Father, and filled with Him who is, Himself also is, since He is of the Father. (The Works of Dionysius. Extant Fragments. Part I.—Containing Various Sections of the Works. IV.—Epistle to Dionysius Bishop of Rome; https://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05011a.htm)
305 AD Methodius: “For the kingdom of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, is one, even as their substance is one and their dominion one. Whence also, with one and the same adoration, we worship the one Deity in three Persons, subsisting without beginning, uncreated, without end, and to which there is no successor. For neither will the Father ever cease to be the Father, nor again the Son to be the Son and King, nor the Holy Ghost to be what in substance and personality He is. For nothing of the Trinity will suffer diminution, either in respect of eternity, or of communion, or of sovereignty” (Oration on the Psalms 5).
Lucian of Antioch (c.300-311 A.D.): “And if any one shall teach contrary to the sound and right faith of the Scriptures, affirming that there is or was a period or an age before the Son of God existed, let him be accursed.” (Church History (Socrates Scholasticus) Book II Ch. 10)
Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.): “Wherefore without delay, brethren beloved, I have stirred myself up to show you the faithlessness of these men who say that there was a time when the Son of God was not; and that He who was not before, came into existence afterwards, becoming such, when at length He was made, even as every man is wont to be born;” (Epistles on Arianism and the Deposition of Arius)
Council of Nicea I: “But those who say, ‘There was a time when he [the Son] did not exist,’ and ‘Before he was born, he did not exist,’ and ‘Because he was made from non-existing matter, he is either of another substance or essence,’ and those who call ‘God the Son of God changeable and mutable,’ these the Catholic Church anathematizes” (Appendix to the Creed of Nicaea [A.D. 325]).
You may also want to check out Trinity Proof Texts (Evidence for the Plurality of Persons of the One God Yahweh).
Note: In many english Bible translations the word “LORD” in all caps refers to the tetragrammaton (YHVH or YHWH) or the divine name most commonly pronounced Yahweh or Jehovah. For this reason I inserted Yahweh next to LORD in brackets.